What is Software Engineering?
Software engineering is the application of principles used in the field of engineering, which usually deals with physical systems, to the design, development, testing, deployment and management of software systems. Software engineers design and create computer systems and applications to solve real-world problems. Software engineers, sometimes called software developers, create software for computers and applications.
Software engineering is a diverse field with various career choices like the roles of data scientists, cloud engineers, software developers and scrum masters.When it comes to salary, at S$57,204 per year, software engineers are paid above the median income level. With so many roles to choose from, software engineers are highly desired for their skills in software development, innovation and problem-solving. Also, Software development is in the list of most trending jobs in the most countries.
Following listed are some of the career paths that software engineers can pursue according to their interests:
Data Scientists are specialized in creating reports and data analysis for different businesses. Data Scientists must have an understanding of data to optimise business processes. The average salary for a data scientist is S$74,000 per year. With exciting career growth, good salaries and growing market demand, data science is an excellent career choice for a software engineer. Data Science is a very good career with huge number of opportunities for advancement in the future. Already, demand is high, salaries are competitive, and the perks are numerous – which is why Data Scientist has been called “the most promising career” by LinkedIn and the “best job in America” by Glassdoor.
Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.With the increase of malicious attacks and cybercrime, the need for highly skilled cybersecurity engineers is increasing day by day. Cybersecurity engineers work to identify weaknesses, strengthen security systems and bring down malicious threats. They are essential for an organisation to become resistant to cyber threats, DDoS attacks and phishing attempts. An Cybersecurity engineer can be expected to get paid an average of salary S$6,600 per month.
Machine Learning Engineer
Machine learning (ML) is a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows software applications to become more accurate at predicting outcomes without being explicitly programmed to do so. Machine learning algorithms use historical data as input to predict new output values. With robotics and automation taking centre stage, companies are looking to innovate and revolutionise the software industry with machine learning. With the use of programming systems and algorithms. Machine Learning makes self-driving cars, intelligent data processing and complex data analysis possible. Machine learning engineer jobs pay much higher than the average at around S$105,000 per year.
Here are six real-life examples of how machine learning is being used.
- Image recognition. Image recognition is a well-known and widespread example of machine learning in the real world
- Speech recognition
- Medical diagnosis
- Statistical arbitrage
- Predictive analytics
Full Stack Developer
Full-stack developer is responsible for both the front-end and back-end development of an application. As a full-stack developer, you can expect to earn around S$60,000 per year. Businesses prefer full-stack developers because they offer an end-to-end solution to project creation, designing, production,management and maintainance. Hiring an Full Stack Developer totally ends the requirement for separate backend and frontend developers.
Python Developer is a part of a software team who skills in creating, designing, deploying computer applications, and different programs using the Python programming language. Python Developers are in demand for their abilities to develop powerful programs using the Python programming language. Python supports object-oriented, functional and procedural styles of programming. Python engineers are likely to find diverse opportunities in both start-ups and established multi-national corporations. Python developers are well paid with an average salary of S$90,000 per year.
Java Developer is responsible for developing applications and software using the Java programming language, these specialized programmers collaborate with fellow software engineers, web developers, and others to use Java for developing business applications, websites and more.Currently, Oracle claims that there are over 9,000,000 Java developers in the world. Java is similar to Python in that it is used for software development. Java is a powerful programming language that allows programmers to write, debug and compile applications. Java has found multiple applications in software, online web apps, software applications in cars, and much more.
A cloud engineer is an IT professional that builds and maintains cloud infrastructure. Cloud engineers can have more specific roles that include cloud architecting (designing cloud solutions for organizations), development (coding for the cloud), and administration (working with cloud networks). As more companies move their data to the cloud, the need for cloud engineers is rapidly growing day by day as the world is shifting to online systems more. Cloud security and ongoing development is an important part of a cloud engineer’s responsibilities. They use tools by Microsoft and AWS to fulfil cloud-based operations for organisations. Regular online server management and maintenance are the key duties of professionals in this field. Cloud engineers earn an average a salary of S$4,000 per month.
A DevOps engineer introduces processes, tools, and methodologies to balance needs throughout the software development life cycle, from coding and deployment, to maintenance and updates.The primary roles and responsibilities of a DevOps team are to communicate effectively, improve visibility across the CI/CD pipeline and constantly learn new things. A DevOps engineer uses skills and methods to manage a product through its development cycle. Starting from programming to deployment, a DevOps engineer is an all-round solution for companies. Other roles include product maintenance and updates. The average salary for a DevOps engineer is S$74,000 per year.
The demand for software engineers continues to grow as more companies migrate their business operations online. Software engineering is a broad area of expertise with many real-world applications.
The field of data science and machine learning is ever-expanding in opportunities. Roles like DevOps engineer and cloud engineer are extremely beneficial for graduates and professionals who are looking to grow their career.